Friday, January 31, 2020


Each B-2 Spirit Has Its Own Personality

B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber
US Air Force
With only 21 B-2 Spirits produced, the air crews that work on them get to know individual aircraft very well. As it turns out, this highly complex aircraft is a colorful bird. Each individual B-2 Spirit has its own distinct personality, and its own unique maintenance needs. This comes as a surprise when one considers the precision engineering and the uniform use and maintenance needs. This leads to some colorful moments. Interestingly enough the pilots tend to view the aircraft as uniform, avoiding personal favorites.

The B-2 Has Indefinite Range And Flight Time

B-2 Spirit Aircraft refuel In air
Senior Airman Keith James, U.S. Air Force
Bombers are almost always designed with range in mind, but the unique design of the B-2 Spirit lends itself to extreme long range operations. Without refuel, the B-2 Spirit has a range of over 6,000 miles. However with refuel, that range can be extended nearly indefinitely. As it stands, from its three principle bases, the B-2 Spirit can reach any inhabited point on the planet with minimal support. This gives the US Air Force an unrivaled ability to deliver a payload—conventional or nuclear—to any point the mission might require.

The Anti-Radar Design Relies On A Complex Mix Of Materials

B-2 Spirit on Runway
US Air Force
Stealth aircraft rely on a lot of things: proper shape and profile, electronic countermeasures, the training of the pilots and crew. However, the material component of the stealth factor is often overlooked. With very little sheet metal in the skin of the aircraft, the B-2 relies on a mix of over 200 chemicals, sheets of composite material, and high tech paints. Any gaps are filled with an expansive foam made from a classified formula. The exact composition is a carefully guarded secret, and one that changes frequently.

The B-2 Is In An Arms Race With Enemy Radar

B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber
Northrop Grumman
The world of military aviation is constantly evolving, and some of the world’s emerging powers, including China and Russia, are on a quest to develop their own stealth aircraft. Likewise, they constantly seek to negate the US’s advantage in stealth technology. As their abilities develop, US intelligence gathers more information about what they’re up to. That data is then fed to maintenance crews working on the B-2 Spirit. Those crews in turn adapt the material composition of the B-2’s anti-stealth coating to counter enemy capabilities. It’s an ongoing mission, one that will likely last the lifespan of the B-2 Spirit.

The B-2 Is Prone To Odd Accidents

B-2 Spirit Aircraft inspections
Airman 1st Class Jazmin Smith, U.S. Air Force
Most military aircraft are difficult to fly. And the more advanced the aircraft, the trickier they are to keep in the air. And while US pilots train hard, accidents do happen. In keeping with the B-2’s unique design and mission, it has had a unique set of accidents. In 2008, the Spirit of Kansas crashed during a routine takeoff from Andersen Air Force Base in Guam. The crew ejected safely, but the aircraft was nearly destroyed. After a strenuous investigation, the US Air Force found that a freak instance of moisture buildup was to blame. With a little redesign, the B-2 fleet quickly returned to duty.

A B-2 Mission Caused A Diplomatic Incident

B-2 Spirit Landing
Andersen Air Force Base, Guam
A complex series of intelligence failures and miscommunication lead to an international incident resulting from a B-2 Spirit mission – one of the crazier B-2 bomber facts. During a bombing run over Kosovo, a B-2 Spirit accidentally bombed the Chinese Embassy. Several staff members were killed, and the incident became a major diplomatic incident between the US and China. This, for good or ill, put a lot of focus on US stealth capabilities and the B-2 Spirit in particular.

Handling Nuclear Weapons Is Tricky

A B-2 Spirit in Australia for training
Australian Ministry of Defense
The nature of the US nuclear weapons stockpile has changed over the years, and the organization of the B-2 Spirit fleet along with it. Following a string of incidents in which nuclear weapons were mishandled, the US Air Force launched a comprehensive organizational overhaul in 2012. This included reassigning the B-2 Spirit fleet to the control of the newly formed Global Strike Command, the central authority managing US nuclear weapons. While this had little effect on day to day operations, it made for vast changes in the way the B-2 Spirit was deployed around the globe.

The B-2 Spirit’s Design Is An Optical Illusion

B-2 Spirit in Profile
US Air Force
While the focus of the B-2 Spirit’s design is to fool radar, it also works to fool the human eye. The B-2 Spirit is indeed a flying optical illusion. Viewed from one angle, and the aircraft is a thin line—a ‘flying wing’, as the design is called. Viewed from a slightly different angle, and the whole thing becomes a bulbous flying torpedo. This makes the B-2 difficult to spot in the skies, and potentially difficult to identify. As its missions are most often classified, the ability to disappear or distort visually gives the B-2 Spirit a hefty advantage over its competition.

There’s A “Haunted” B-2 Spirit

B-2 Spirit Aircraft Bird bath
Airman 1st Class Jazmin Smith, U.S. Air Force
This is one of the coolest B-2 Bomber facts. Maybe the name offered a little foreshadowing, but legend has it that there is a haunted B-2 Spirit. According to maintenance crews, a B-2 Spirit stationed at a US Air Force base in Guam offered a moment straight out of a horror film. With no one behind the controls, the aircraft—named The Spirit of Kitty Hawk—turned its engines on by itself. The aircraft in question earned the nickname “Christine” after the haunted car in Stephen King’s eponymous novel. Whether or not this story is true is the subject of some debate. Nevertheless, the tale has become part of the B-2 Spirit’s legend, and is held as the truth by folks who work on or fly the Kitty Hawk.

Northrop Grumman Adopted The Motto “A Miracle A Day” During B-2 Development

B-2 Spirit Over The Pacific B-2 Bomber Facts
Northrop Grumman

The B-2 Spirit’s stealth needs and unique mission meant that the airframe and the engineering behind it had to go above and beyond. The designers and engineers at Northrop-Grumman had a motto that they adopted while working on the B-2: “A miracle a day”. And they delivered, from engineering tolerances that were far tighter than those found on any other aircraft, to developing materials that were well ahead of state of the art. Everything about the B-2 bordered on the miraculous, and continues to do so.